Latin Glossary

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E
  • F
  • G
  • H
  • I
  • J
  • K
  • L
  • M
  • N
  • O
  • P
  • Q
  • R
  • S
  • T
  • U
  • V
  • W
  • X
  • Y
  • Z


  • alienus, -a, -um adj alien, of or pertaining to another; in phr alienum es another's money, ie, debt


  • balletta var of ballada [DML]
  • berckeria, -e n f Berkshire
  • Bertelinus, -i n m St Bettelin (dates unknown), patron of Stafford


  • cantalena, -e n f var of cantilena [DML]; cantalona, -e
  • carectata, -e n f var of carrettata [DML]
  • certifico, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to certify; as a legal term, to certify formally, eg, the truth of a statement, compliance with an order, or the performance of an obligation
  • cimiterium, -i n nt var of coemeterium [DML]
  • coma, -e n f hair; by extension, wig; comibus abl, in error, or of collateral 3rd decl form [DML, OLD coma]



    • episcopus, -i n m bishop; ~ puerorum boy bishop, a boy, originally a choirboy in a cathedral or other collegiate church or a student in an almonry school, chosen to act as a mock bishop in liturgical and other observances on the feast of St Nicholas or of the Holy Innocents
    • es, eris n nt brass, money; see alienus
    • exennia, -e n f gift, hospitality [DML xenium]


    • fistulator, -is n m piper, possibly a generic term for one who plays a wind instrument




        • ientaculum, -i n nt in CL, a light early morning refreshment, breakfast; here, presumably a more substantial, festive meal [DML, OLD]
        • iusticiarius, -i n m justicar, a royal judge, usually of a superior court




            • librata, -e n f livery; var of liberata [DML liberare]
            • luctor, -is n m var of luctator [DML]
            • ludus, -i n m entertainment, ‘play,’ of an unspecified kind, not necessarily dramatic [see also DML ludus]


            • Malbanus see vicus Malbanus
            • Michaelis, -e adj of or pertaining to St Michael; see also terminus




                • palustrator, -is n m wrestler [Latham palestrator]
                • par, -is n nt pair, set; by extension, suit
                • parachianus, -a, -um adj var of paroecianus [DML]
                • parcellum, -i n n var of parcella [DML]
                • parochialis, -e adj of or pertaining to a parish
                • perquisitus, -a, -um pfp summoned [DML perquirere]
                • promotus, -a, -um pfp pass promoted, used of a proceeding against a person in a church court moved or initiated by someone other than the court itself or a person authorized to make presentment


                • quindecia, -e n f literally, a period of fifteen days; likely a fortnight [DuCange]; quindena, -e




                    • terminus, -i n m term, here a law term; ~ Michaelis Michaelmas term



                      • uicus, -i n m settlement, borough, village, etc; in phr ~ Malbanus Nantwich, Cheshire


                      • warennarius, -i n m warrener, here likely an officer employed to protect game on the commons on behalf of the king



                        • ystrio, -onis n m in CL, an actor; sense widening in ML, here an entertainer, or performer of some kind unspecified [see histrio DML, OLD]


                          • Glossary Notes

                            Words are included in the Latin Glossary if they are not found with the required sense in the Oxford Latin Dictionary (OLD), as supplemented where appropriate by the Dictionary of Medieval Latin from British Sources (DML). Other works consulted can be found in the General Bibliography. Adverbs that are formed regularly from adjectives found in the OLD and DML are not included. Words with unusual spellings have been not been included if they are treated in the text as scribal errors and footnoted, or if they are the result of the following common spelling variations alone:

                            c for t before i

                            cc for ct before i

                            -d for -t in final position

                            e for ae or oe

                            ff- for f- in initial position

                            addition or omission of h

                            variation between i and e or ar and er in medial positions, especially before another vowel

                            variation between de- and di- as a prefix

                            n for m before another nasal or a stop (eg, inp- for imp-)

                            intrusion of p in consonant clusters mm, mn, ms, or mt

                            doubling of single consonants or vice versa

                            Where the same word occurs in spellings which differ according to the list above, the most common spelling is treated as standard and used for the headword. We have conformed to the practice of the OLD as regards 'i/j' and 'u/v' variation: in this glossary only the letter forms 'i' and 'u' are used. If a noun of the first declension appears only with a genitive singular in '-ae,' that spelling is used in the head form, otherwise the ML '-e' is used.

                            Nouns are listed by nominative, genitive, and gender; adjectives by the endings of the nominative singular or, in the case of adjectives of one ending, by the nominative and genitive; verbs by their principal parts.

                          • Glossary Abbreviations
                            abbr abbreviation
                            abl ablative
                            abs absolute
                            adj adjective
                            adv adverb(ial)
                            AL Anglo-Latin
                            AND Anglo-Norman Dictionary Online
                            art article
                            attr attributive
                            CL Classical Latin
                            coll collective
                            comp compound
                            compar comparative
                            conj conjunction
                            cp compare
                            dat dative
                            def definite
                            DML Dictionary of Medieval Latin from British Sources
                            DuCange Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis
                            E English
                            EG English Glossary
                            F French
                            f feminine
                            fut future tense
                            gen genitive
                            Gk Greek
                            imper imperative
                            indecl indeclinable
                            inf infinitive
                            interj interjection
                            intr intransitive
                            L Latin
                            LL Late Latin
                            Latham Revised Medieval Latin Word-List
                            m masculine
                            MED Middle English Dictionary
                            ML Medieval Latin
                            mod modal
                            n noun
                            nom nominative
                            nt neuter
                            obj objective
                            OE Old English
                            OEDO Oxford English Dictionary Online
                            OLD Oxford Latin Dictionary
                            OT Old Testament
                            pa past tense
                            pasp passive participle
                            pass passive
                            per person
                            pfp perfect participle
                            phr phrase
                            pl plural
                            poss possessive
                            pp past participle
                            ppl participial
                            pr present tense
                            prep preposition
                            pron pronoun
                            prp present participle
                            rel relative
                            sbst substantive
                            sg singular
                            subj subjunctive
                            superl superlative
                            tr transitive
                            v verb
                            var variant
                            vb verbal