Berkshire, Reading, 1504–5
BRO: D/P 97/5/2

p 19 (25 March–25 March) (Receipts)

...

Item receyvid of the gaderyng of wyvis at hoktyde xvj s.
Item receyvid of the gaderyng of maydens the same tyme ij s. xj d.
⸢Item receyvid of the maydyns gaderyng at witsontyde by þe tre at church dore clerly ⸢ij s. xj d⸣
Item receyvid of the gadering of the church men the same tyme vij s. ij d. ob.
Item receyvid of the gaderyng of the bachelers the at May tyde x s. vij d. ob.

...

Item receyvid of the gaderyng of the church men at wytsontyde v s. vj d.
Item receyvid the same tyme v busshelles of malte price iij s. iiij d.
Item receyvid one busshell of whete price xiij d.
Item receyvid of the gadering of Robyn hod xviij s. xj d. ob.

...

Item receyvid of Richard Waren for the tre at the church dore iij d.

...

p 21 (Expenses)

...

Item payed for the Bachelers dyner & soper on ‸⸢the⸣ May day xviij d.

...

Item payed to Maister Clech for Robyn hoddes cote & his hosyn vj s. vij d.
Item payed for lyvereys xj d.
Item for pynnys j d.
Item payed to Crystyan Bryll by the hondes of William Stamford for Wyne to Robyn hod of hendley & his company ij s.
Item payed to the Taberer vj s.

...

  • Footnotes
    • hoktyde: 15–16 April 1504
    • witsontyde: 26–8 May 1504
  • Glossed Terms
    • gatheryng vb n collection, here used to refer specifically to the act of collecting money for the parish; gaderyng gathering; gatheringe; gatherynge;
    • tree n maypole; tre
    • clere adj and adv clear, without encumbrance, liability, debt, etc; net profit [OEDO clear adj, adv, and n 16.a]; cleare; clearlie; clearly; cler; clerly; clerlye
    • lyverey n livery, here a badge used as proof of payment for entry to a fair; lever; liuerrei; lyueray; lyuerei; lyuerey; lyvere; lyverie; lyverye
    • pynn n pin, here likely used to fasten badges to clothing as proof of admission
  • Endnote

    'Maist{er} Clech' was Richard Cleche, draper, one of the leading citizens of Reading. He was mayor three times – 1487–8, 1498–9, and 1505–6 (Guilding, Reading Records, vol 1, pp xxxix–xl) maintaining a prominent position within the Gild Merchant during the years he was not mayor. He stood surety for the entrance of Henry Sutton into the Gild Merchant in 1496, and also for John Cokk who became the guild clerk when he joined the guild in 1498/9 (Guilding, Reading Records, vol 1, pp 90, 97). It was Cleche who brought the dispute with the abbey over the stocks in the mid-1490s to a satisfactory conclusion (see VCH: Berkshire, vol 3, pp 352–4). He contributed 20s to the renewal of the charter of the Gild Merchant in 1510 (Guilding, Reading Records, vol 1, p 114). In 1513 he shared the cost of one soldier in Henry's levy with a man called Robert Slan (Guilding, Reading Records, vol 1, p 127). In 1516–7 he stood pledge for a debt of Willim Davy (Guilding, Reading Records, vol 1, p 133). He was also a prominent member of the parish of St Laurence. He is named as witness to the will of Henry Kelsall in 1493 (Kerry, Municipal Church of St Lawrence, p 173). Kelsall's will established a guild within the parish called the Brethren of the Mass of Jesus of which Cleche was a founding member. He seems to have stood surety for the guild because in 1505–6 the churchwardens pay him £4 'for old det du to Iesu masse' (BRO: D/P 97/5/2, p 25; Dils, St Laurence Churchwardens' Accounts, pt 1, p 29). The inventory of 1517 records two items on the high altar as gifts from him – 'a shipp of Siluer weying xl vnc' and 'ijo Canstick of Siluer weying xl vnc di' (BRO: D/P 97/ 5/2, p 47; Dils, St Laurence Churchwardens' Accounts, pt 2, p 186). In 1498–9 the new tenor bell provided for in Kelsall's will was dedicated and Cleche with two others stood 'godfather and godmothers' to the new bell called 'Harry' (BRO: D/P 97/5/2, p 3; Dils, St Laurence Churchwardens' Accounts, pt 1, p 4). Cleche's wife died in 1523–4 (BRO: D/P 97/5/2, p 152; Dils, St Laurence Churchwardens' Accounts, pt 1, p 135). Cleche himself died before the accounts were reckoned for 1524–5 since in that year the sum of 10s is recorded as a bequest from him for the maintenance of his grave (BRO: D/P 97/5/2, p 155; Dils, St Laurence Churchwardens' Accounts, pt 1, p 140). That year he was assessed in the subsidy rolls at £66 13s 4d. Only eighteen inhabitants of Reading were assessed at more then £40 that year (Martin, 'People of Reading,' pp 218–19). Both he and his wife are buried in the church.

    William Stamford, alias Melvyn, churchwarden 1504–6, was a pewterer (Dils, St Laurence Churchwardens' Accounts, pt 2, p 213). He was paid 3d in 1507–8 'for mending and setting on of a lyon upon a grete candlestyck before St Thomas Aulter' (BRO: D/P 97/5/2, p 37; Dils, St Laurence Churchwardens' Accounts, pt 1, p 43). He was a warden of the Gild Merchant in 1511 (Guilding, Reading Records, vol 1, p 122). The 1517 inventory lists a 'chalice of silver parcell gylt weying xviij vnc di' as a gift from him (BRO: D/P 97/5/2, p 48; Dils, St Laurence Churchwardens' Accounts, pt 2, p 186). He died in 1516–17 at which time he was styled benefactor and is buried in the church (BRO: D/P 97/5/2, p 114; Dils, St Laurence Churchwardens' Accounts, pt 1, p 93).

    'Hendley' is Henley on Thames, Oxfordshire.

  • Document Description

    Record title: St Laurence's Churchwardens' Accounts
    Repository: BRO
    Shelfmark: D/P 97/5/2
    Repository location: Reading

    The churchwardens rendered their accounts on the feast of the Annunciation (25 March) until 1516 when they adopted the Michaelmas–Michaelmas pattern rendering their accounts on 29 September.

    1498–1626; English; paper; 250 leaves; 330mm x 225mm; modern pagination; some display capitals; pp 1–2, 490–3 are separated but have been repaired and put separately in a brown paper wrapper; bound in boards covered in parchment, title on front cover: 'The Book of the | Church-Wardens Accounts | of the Parish | of | St Laurence.'

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