Sir Thomas Jervoise's Household Accounts

Jervoise of Herriard Collection, HRO: 44M69/E6/77/3

f [3] (Winchester, July–December)


Given at Sir H. Clerkes vj s.
ffor two messenger to go from thence to Herriard ij s.
At Southampton the first time v s. vj d.
ffor Erringes there ij s. vj d.
my Supper at Southampton j s. iij d.
to the ffidlers at winton ij s.
ffreemans dyet & wyne at winchester ij s. iij d.
horsmeat at winton ix s. vj d.
ostler vj d.
Given in the hous ther more then receaued j s.
Deliuered my Master at Southampton xj s.
ffor dyet there viij s.


  • Glossed Terms
    • erringes n pl earrings
  • Endnote

    The Jervoise family was resident at Freefolk. The fiddlers were paid at Winchester, probably when Jervoise was acting as a justice for the assizes in that city.

    'Sir H. Clerkes' may be King's Somborne; Humphrey Clarke was one of four men who were granted the manor of King's Somborne in 1628 as trustees for the corporation of London. The manor had been held by the Crown since the fourteenth century, and Clarke may already have been residing there in 1625 (VCH: Hampshire, vol 4, pp 469–80, British History Online, [accessed 6 March 2018]). 'ffreeman' appears several times in these accounts and seems to have accompanied Guidott on these business trips. 'my Master' is presumably Sir Thomas Jervoise.

  • Document Description

    Record title: Sir Thomas Jervoise's Household Accounts
    Repository: Jervoise of Herriard Collection, HRO
    Shelfmark: 44M69/E6/77/3
    Repository location: Winchester

    Sir Thomas Jervoise (1587–1654) was the son of Thomas Jervoise of Britford, Wiltshire, but he was orphaned at an early age and in 1601 Sir Richard Paulet purchased Jervoise's wardship from the Crown. Paulet had no son and after Jervoise married Paulet's daughter, Lucy, he became Paulet's heir. At Paulet's death in 1614 Jervoise succeeded to Paulet's estates at Herriard and Freefolk, Hampshire, and continued to reside in the county, though he had also inherited estates in Wiltshire and Shropshire from his father. He was knighted in 1607 and from 1621 to his death he served Whitchurch in parliament, supporting the Parliamentary side in the Civil War. William Guidott acted as steward of Jervoise's estates. For more information see the Hampshire families section of Historical Background.

    These accounts appear to be William Guidott's own expenses while travelling on business for the Jervoise family. Folio [2] is labelled at the top as Michaelmas term, while f [3v] is labelled Hilary term 1625, in fact taking the account into the first quarter of 1626. Folio [3], however, does not carry a date and may be a continuation of the Michaelmas term accounts from f [2], which ends with an entry for horsemeat at Basingstoke on 29 December. However, there is a subtotal at the bottom of f [2] so the entries on f [3] may not be Michaelmas term. Folio [4v] formed the outside when the book was folded like a letter and carries the Herriard Collection stamp and HRO pencil shelfmark. Also, on the outside fold of this leaf is written: '1625 Mr Wm Guydott | acct | his wages S Ierv,' presumably all in Sir Thomas Jervoise's hand.

    July 1625–March 1625/6; paper; 4 leaves (2 sheets folded to make small booklet); 285mm x 93mm; unnumbered; no cover, top of f [1]: 'Guidots accompte since Iuly 1625. vnto: nouember .5. sequent.'

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