Book of Fines

Southampton City Archives: SC5/3/1

f 130 (29 September–29 September) (Payments)


Item payed my Lorde of Lessitors players the seconde tyme they played when that sir henry wallope and his Ladie was there vj s. viij d.


Item payed to George gylbert Lorde of the bulryng xxs xx s.


  • Glossed Terms
    • audict howse n audit house; auditehouse, audithouse
  • Endnote

    Sir Henry Wallop (c 1531–99) was a leader of the Protestant gentry in Hampshire; his estate was at Farleigh Wallop near Basingstoke.

    Although 'Item' is written out in full, an otise abbreviation mark of a horizontal line consistently appears over it in the hand of this year's accounts. The heading gives the regnal years of these accounts as 12–13 Elizabeth, but the following year's accounts are also so headed, and internal dates in the next set of accounts suggest that this one is in fact for 11–12 Elizabeth, 1569–70.

    Butler (Book of Fines, vol 2, p 84) transcribes the second entry on this folio thus: 'Item the xth of maye payed unto mr Shuxborowe fare Lace vjd. for nayles iijd. to sette uppe the Revills of the Kinge in the Audict howsse ixd.' Such a record would certainly merit inclusion in this edition. However, the word Butler has transcribed as 'Revills' seems clearly to instead be 'Roulls,' which would also make more sense in the context of the Audit House.

  • Document Description

    Record title: Book of Fines
    Repository: Southampton City Archives
    Shelfmark: SC5/3/1
    Repository location: Southampton

    This account book was started to record only the receipts from 'casualties': here, fines for offences such as fighting, burgesses verbally attacking each other, married men being caught in the stews, and citizens and foreigners buying and selling in violation of the town's ordinances, as well as admission fees paid by those desiring to practise a craft in the city. These receipts provided the mayor with a small fund from which to pay for rewards to players, messengers, noblemen and their servants, and the like, and occasionally for minor repairs to town buildings. After a few years of accounts the payments also begin to be recorded here, so that in fact the accounts are not just a record of fines, but are the complete mayors' accounts. In the second half of the sixteenth century the accounts, especially the payments, become more detailed and broader in content, including much more extensive expenses for construction and repair, and detailed accounts for poor relief. The accounting year runs from Michaelmas to Michaelmas. The Book of Fines has been transcribed by Butler, Book of Fines, 3 vols.

    The dating of these accounts by regnal years gets a year out of step with the heading of the 1573–4 accounts as 16–17 Elizabeth (f 147r), following the accounts for 14–15 Elizabeth: there is no set of accounts headed 15–16 Elizabeth. The error was only rectified in 1586–7, which is correctly headed 28–9 Elizabeth. (1585–6 is also, incorrectly, labeled 28–9 Elizabeth.) Dates given within the accounts are correct, further revealing the error, as in the accounts for 1576–7, which are headed 19–20 Elizabeth (which would be 1577–8) but twice dated internally to June and July 1577.

    29 September 1488–29 September 1594; English with some Latin; paper; 252 leaves; 417mm x 285mm; modern pencil foliation (numbering in upper right corner of the rectos has been used throughout rather than numbering of some folios at bottom left, which is often 1 higher than the correct numbering but has been used by Cheryl Butler in her edition); good condition (only last 2 leaves have lost any written space, several leaves lost between ff 41 and 42, so there are no accounts for 1514–15, 1515–16, or 1516–17, many different hands; contemporary parchment cover in poor condition, title on front of cover much faded.

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