Hampshire, Winchester, 1409–10

St Cross Hospital Steward's Account

HRO: 111M94W/D1/11

mb [2] (29 September–29 September) (Gifts and external payments)


...In dono lusor' in die sancti Stephani xij d. In dono ali' lusor' v⸢to⸣ die mensis Ianuarij xij d.... In dono ⸢ij⸣ minstrallis die Inuencionis sancte Crucis xx d. In dono ali' minstrall' vj d.... In dono lusoribus Wyntonie per dominum xx d....


  • Record Translation

    mb [2] (29 September–29 September) (Gifts and external payments)


    ...As a gift to players/a player on St Stephen's Day, 12d. As a gift to other players/another player on 5 January, 12d.... As a gift to two minstrels on the day of the Invention of the Holy Cross, 20d. As a gift to other minstrels/another minstrel, 6d.... As a gift to players of Winchester by order of the lord, 20d....


  • Glossed Terms
    • minstrallus, -i n m var of ministrallus; monestrallus, -i [DML]
    • Wintonia, -ie n f Winchester; Wyntonia, -ie
  • Endnote

    The first two rewards to players were given during the Christmas season, on the feast of St Stephen, 26 December, and the eve of Epiphany, 5 January. The third dated reward, to two minstrels, was given on the feast of the Finding of the Holy Cross, 3 May, an appropriate day for celebration at St Cross Hospital. Players ('lusoribus') of Winchester had played the previous year at Winchester College. While no patron is indicated for any of these performers, the bishop of Winchester at this time, Henry Beaufort ((1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester (1404–47) and cardinal (1426/7–47)), was a patron of minstrels who appeared at Winchester, Winchester College, and Southampton, and also had a special relationship with St Cross, having provided for a second group of almsmen to be housed there, so the minstrels may be his.

  • Document Description

    Record title: St Cross Hospital Steward's Account
    Repository: HRO
    Shelfmark: 111M94W/D1/11
    Repository location: Winchester

    St Cross Hospital is an almshouse, founded by Henry de Blois, bishop of Winchester, around 1136. It is located about a mile south of Winchester (VCH: Hampshire, vol 5, pp 59–69, British History Online, http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/hants/vol5/pp59-69, accessed 11 December 2018.

    Nearly seventy sets of accounts earlier than 1642 have survived from St Cross, reaching back to the mid-fourteenth century, but this is the only one that contains records of dramatic and musical activity. Many of the sets of accounts are 'day books' that include only the daily expenditures on food and other consumables, but at least twelve sets of accounts are steward's or minister's accounts similar to 111M94W/D1/11.

    The accounts cover the hospital's receipts, mainly from rental of lands, expenses for food and drink, and for repairs to the fabric of the hospital, as well as for gifts to the bishop and other local officials.

    1409–10; Latin; parchment; 4 membranes; 74–875mm x 265mm; unnumbered; attached serially. The steward for this year was John of Campeden, junior.

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