f 237 (10 December)
|We present Phillip Henslowe to pile bord and fill vp vj pole more or lesse of the maiden lane abbutting on the common sewer before his playhowse by Candlemas next vpon paine of euery pole then vndon||x s./|
Henslowe was fined, not on f 242 as noted, but on f 241v; 242 is the first folio of entries for the court of 8 April 1597.
Record title: Surrey and Kent Commissioners for Sewers'
Repository location: London
Most of the pre-1642 records of the Surrey and Kent Commissioners for Sewers are now
deposited at the London Metropolitan Archives. The LMA collections catalogue succinctly describes this source as
follows: 'Early Commissioners of Sewers were solely concerned with land
drainage and the prevention of flooding, not with the removal of sewage
in the modern sense. In 1531 an Act of Sewers was passed which set out
in great detail the duties and powers of Commissioners and governed
their work until the 19th century. Gradually a permanent pattern emerged
in the London area of seven commissions, five north and two south of the
Thames, with, after the Great Fire, a separate commission for the City of London.... Letters Patent for the Surrey and Kent Commissioners of Sewers were
issued in 1554. Its minutes begin in 1570 and it was the earliest of the
London Commissions to be established on an organised basis. The area of
its jurisdiction ran from East Molesey in Surrey to the River
Ravensbourne, and included Lambeth, Southwark, Bermondsey, Newington,
Deptford, Rotherhithe, Clapham, Battersea, Camberwell, Vauxhall,
Wandsworth, Putney, Barnes, Kew, Lewisham, Walworth, Kennington, Nine
Elms, Peckham and New Cross. The area of jurisdiction remained the same
throughout the three centuries during which it functioned.' See further
Ida Darlington, 'The London Commissioners of Sewers and their Records,'
in Prisca Munimenta: Studies in Archival & Administrative
History presented to Dr A.E.J. Hollaender, Felicity Ranger
(ed) (London, 1973), 282–98.
John Norden's 1593 map shows the lines of the Bankside sewers (or drainage ditches). There were three running along the Little Rose property: two to the south along Maiden Lane and one on the west side adjacent to the Bear Garden property.
For an abstract of the document and details of its transcription history, see the related EMLoT event records here and here.
3 January 1568/9–25 April 1606; English with some Latin; paper; i + 520 + i; 410mm x 280mm (text size variable); index foliated in pencil 1–24 relating to ff 1–210 of the text, ink foliation follows, 1–444, pencil foliation 445–70 (all blank), a second index numbered in pencil 1–21, 21b, 22, 22b, 23, 23b follows the text for ff 211–444; restored, conserved and rebound in beige vellum with corded bands on spine with leather ties. Now stored in a box; within the box also are the previous red leather boards and spine with 'SEWERS | SURREY & KENT | MINUTES | 1 | 1557–1606.'