Order from John of Gaunt's Register Book

TNA: DL 42/14

f 69v (6 May)

...

Iohan &c A nostre trescher & bien ame Clerc Sire William Oke Clerc de nostre grande Garderobe saluz Nous vous mandons que des issues de vostre Receite en nostre chambre facez paier as persones desouzescrites les sommes souznomees Cestasseuoir ... Et as diuerses Heroudes a Wyndesore le iour de seint George de nostre doun dys liures Et as diuerses ministrals illeoqes de nostre doun x marcs. Et a vn vallett monsire Poto Cheualer dalmaigne presentant a nous vn destrer depar le dit monsire Poto de nostre doun xiij s. iiij d. Et as diuerses Heraudes esteantz ouesque nous a Hertford le iour de may le temps de noz ioustes illeoqes de nostre doun x marcs Et a diuerses ministrals illeoqes de nostre doun x. marcs. Et facez distribucion as pouers gentz datantz deniers de vj nobles pliez sur nouz et nostre destrere as Ioustes de smethefeld Wyndesore et Hertford quarrante soldz ... Et facez distribucion as pourez gentz en value de deux nobles pliez sur nous & nostre destrer as Iustices de Chelmesford xiij s. iiij d. Et as diuerses Heraudes esteantes a meismes les Ioustes de nostre doun. x marcs Et as diuerses ministralles esteantz illeoqes de nostre doun x. marcs.... Donne &c a nostre Chastel de (blank) le vj iour de may lan &c sisme

...

  • Marginalia
    • Vne lettre touchant
      la grant GardrobeVne...Gardrobe: braced, pointing toOke Oke
    • A letter regarding
      the Great Wardrobe Oke

      [Footnote: A...Wardrobe: braced, pointing toOke]

  • Footnotes
    • Iustices: for Ioustes
    • A...Wardrobe: braced, pointing toOke
  • Record Translation

    f 69v (6 May)

    ...

    John, etc, to our very dear and much loved clerk, Sir William Oke, clerk of our Great Wardrobe, greetings. We command you that from the revenues of our receipts in our chamber you cause to be paid to the underwritten persons the sums named below, that is to say ... and to various heralds at Windsor on St George's Day of our gift, £10. And to the various minstrels there of our gift, 10 marks. And to a valet, my lord Poto, a knight from Germany presenting to us a warhorse belonging to (or on behalf of) the same my lord Poto, of our gift, 13s 4d. And to the various heralds being with us at Hertford (on) May Day, the time of our jousts there, of our gift, 10 marks. And to the various minstrels there of our gift, 10 marks. And (that) you make distribution to poor people giving as much money as the (?) 6 nobles wagered on us and our charger at the jousts of Smithfield, Windsor, and Hertford, 40s.... And (that) you make distribution to the poor people to the value of 2 nobles wagered on us and our charger at the jousts of Chelmsford, 14s 4d. And to various heralds being at the same jousts, of our gift, 10 marks. And to various minstrels being there, of our gift, 10 marks.... Given, etc, at our castle of (blank), 6 May, the sixth year, etc.

    ...

  • Glossed Terms
    • desouzescrites adv written below
    • destrer, destere n m charger, horse ridden in charging a combatant [AND destrer]
    • pouers m/f pl poor, needy [AND povre]; pourez
    • datantz prp giving [OLD dato]
  • Document Description

    Record title: Order from John of Gaunt's Register Book
    Repository: TNA
    Shelfmark: DL 42/14
    Repository location: Kew

    John of Gaunt's two register books contain various orders, including orders for payments, letters, and many other types of official records concerning the running of the vast duchy of Lancaster. Some of the orders are addressed to borough and other local officials within the duchy, and deal with local arrangements. Two such excerpts deal with Newcastle under Lyme and Tutbury, and hence the register books are fully described above, under those boroughs. The register books also contain a vast amount of material about the running of Gaunt's various households in England, as far-flung as Bamburgh, Leicester, Kenilworth, Kingston Lacy, Hertford, and the Savoy, as well as others in Europe. Records of his payments for minstrels and other entertainers have been transcribed, wherever activities or payments for them may have occurred, because the administrative centres of the duchy appear to have been Tutbury and Kenilworth. The register books have been published as John of Gaunt's Register, Part I (1371-1375), Sydney Armitage-Smith (ed), Camden Society, 3rd ser, 20–1, 2 vols (London, 1911); John of Gaunt's Register, Part II (1379–83), Eleanor C. Lodge and Robert Somerville (eds), Camden Society, 3rd ser, 56–7, 2 vols (London, 1937).

    1379–83; French; parchment; ii + 153 + ii (fly leaves part of binding); 350mm x 230mm; modern (inaccurate) and antiquarian (accurate) foliation; contemporary repair on f 113; bound in 19th-c. brown cloth with leather spine and corners, title on spine: 'Duchy of Lancaster Miscell Books.'

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